Research Article| Volume 4, ISSUE 1, P34-42, December 2009

Validation of a single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) typing assay with 49 SNPs for forensic genetic testing in a laboratory accredited according to the ISO 17025 standard

  • Claus Børsting
    Corresponding author. Tel.: +45 35 32 61 10; fax: +45 35 32 61 20.
    Section of Forensic Genetics, Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 11 Frederik V's Vej, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
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  • Eszter Rockenbauer
    Section of Forensic Genetics, Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 11 Frederik V's Vej, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
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  • Niels Morling
    Section of Forensic Genetics, Department of Forensic Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, 11 Frederik V's Vej, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
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      A multiplex assay with 49 autosomal single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) developed for human identification was validated for forensic genetic casework and accredited according to the ISO 17025 standard. The multiplex assay was based on the SNPforID 52plex SNP assay [J.J. Sanchez, C. Phillips, C. Børsting, K. Balogh, M. Bogus, M. Fondevila, C.D. Harrison, E. Musgrave-Brown, A. Salas, D. Syndercombe-Court, P.M. Schneider, A. Carracedo, N. Morling, A multiplex assay with 52 single nucleotide polymorphisms for human identification, Electrophoresis 27 (2006) 1713–1724], where 52 fragments were amplified in one PCR reaction. The SNPs were analysed by single base extension (SBE) and capillary electrophoresis. Twenty-three of the original SBE primers were altered to improve the overall robustness of the assay and to simplify the analysis of the SBE results. A total of 216 samples from 50 paternity cases and 33 twin cases were typed at least twice for the 49 SNPs. All electropherograms were analysed independently by two expert analysts prior to approval. Based on these results, detailed guidelines for analysis of the SBE products were developed. With these guidelines, the peak height ratio of a heterozygous allele call or the signal to noise ratio of a homozygous allele call is compared with previously obtained ratios. A laboratory protocol for analysis of SBE products was developed where allele calls with unusual ratios were highlighted to facilitate the analysis of difficult allele calls. The guidelines for allele calling proved to be highly efficient for the detection of DNA mixtures and contaminated DNA preparations. DNA from two individuals was mixed in seven different ratios ranging from 1:1 to 1:10; all mixtures were easily identified as mixtures.


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